To safeguard Earths remaining 
wilderness, by empowering communities 
through sustainable business.

 
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VOPO meticulously designs immersive and challenging remote travel experiences that support community-based sustainability projects.  

We partner with NGOs and community groups to develop a microcosm of locally-owned social enterprises and ecological solutions to support the growth of sustainable industries in developing regions of the world. We are committed to support the design of closed-loop systems with communities our expeditions take place in, enabling the implementation of waste management infrastructure, sanitation and access to renewable energy sources as a fundamental human right.

Currently, we operate our wilderness impact expeditions in 5 locations across remote parts of Indonesia, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, French Polynesia and Australia. VOPO work with local communities upon request and official invitation, to provide a global, goal oriented platform for each region to establish sustainable micro-economies.

From 2020, expedition leaders will be trained and employed directly from the communities that we work with. For this, we sponsor scholarship positions for locals to join VOPO Wild Enterprise programs. During this process, training for future expedition leaders and facilitators of VOPO's programs and experiences happens.

 
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Remote communities across Asia Pacific lack access to sustainable income opportunities, longterm impact planning processes and fundamental systems.

Villagers often turn to illegal logging, mining and poaching as jobs. Development often occurs outside the planning process which has detrimental impacts on the environment. Basic waste management services and infrastructure are often non-existent, therefore, waste is dumped everywhere.

We partner with the local communities to propel:
1) the creation of locally-owned enterprises to generate sustainable income, with nature as the most lucrative asset
2) introducing waste, sanitation, renewable energy technology, systems and education programs to promote a clean environment and connect human beings with their fundamental needs.

The VOPO experience is enhanced by supporting the local communities
we work in.

 
 

We call this phenomena 'experience symbiosis'.

By supporting the local communities where we work, we can provide an authentic, valuable and fulfilling experience to expedition participants. Expedition guests engage in and support local sustainability projects, directly.

We create positive impact in the remote communities our expeditions occur through the VOPO eco-incubator program, Wild Enterprise. The goal is to improve the wellbeing of remote communities by facilitating the creation of locally-owned positive-impact enterprises. We utilise nature as our most lucrative asset to be preserved.

All VOPO Expeditions fund the critical Wild Enterprise program, within some of the worlds most breathtaking, remote yet ecologically challenged destinations.

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Watch our journey

Where is the plastic coming from? What are the driving forces and systems at play behind the challenge of ocean pollution? How can we create solutions that stand the test of time? ⛵🌴 Charlotte Rose Mellis (@amor.earth), Director of VOPO Earth takes you on a journey through The Philippines with a team of participants from across the world.

THRIVABILITY criteria

 

VOPO Australia

With our global office based in Sydney, the Australian team frequently collaborate with government, local councils and corporates to design sustainability-led projects, unique events and experiences that educate, enrich and inspire change within communities.

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Innovating on Country

VOPO is working with Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation (ILSC) to support the design of a wilderness impact expedition on the magnificent and vast Fish River Station, Labarganyan. A 178,116 hectare property on the mighty Daly River, breaking new grounds in nature conservation in Australia.

Our Australian team learned directly from the elders and community of the challenges and rich beauty of Labu. Currently co-designing invaluable experiences for the world to access the wisdom of Australia’s first people.

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Wisdom Meets Future

Campfire Illaroo was an unforgettable weekend event, bringing together revered Yaegl elders of the Yuraygir region, stargazing with an indigenous astronomer, painting outdoors with a renowned Aboriginal artist and a guided ecology walk with a local expert for provocative workshops, intimate camp side discussions, bush tucker, barrels and an uplifting off-grid weekend in nature for wilderness enthusiasts.

The annual event supports the work of National Parks and Wildlife Services, while generating income for eco-tourism businesses in the region.

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Natures Leading Women

Charlotte Rose Mellis, Co founder of VOPO Earth represented Global Sisters as a guest facilitator for the week long Natures Leading Women event in Brisbane, Australia. The event, presented by The Nature Conservancy brought together female leaders from across Micronesia, NT and Polynesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands to learn from Charlotte and the Global Sister executives.

After the 5 day intensive business program, the women of each Asia Pacific region had a brand identity, viable concept and a suite of enterprise skills.

VOPO INDONESIA

As one of the top five global contributors to ocean plastic, Indonesia became a priority country to include in the Rogue Plastic agenda. In 2017, VOPO Earth founders Charlotte Rose Mellis and Erik Sumarkho Spiniello were invited to meet with the Sikerei of Pulau Siberut and stay with their tribe in the untamed jungle.

Since engaging over a dozen of the surf resorts in the Mentawai, meeting with local community, consulting with government and NGO’s across Siberut, Masokut and Sipura, we are into the second phase of our feasibility assessment to design and implement micro Waste to Energy systems to protect the Mentawai islands from land-sourced pollution leaking into the ocean.

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Co founder Erik, Speaks at ISWA 2018

Invited to speak at ISWA 2018 in Kuala Lumpur, Erik Sumarkho Spiniello will represent the goals of VOPO Indonesia and lobby for corporate and governmental investment in remote, micro Waste to Energy systems to protect the health of South-east Asia’s oceans.

Request to schedule a meeting with Erik at the event info@vopo.earth.

See the ISWA schedule here.

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Eco-tourism to Preserve a Vanishing Culture

Working alongside As Worlds Divide director, Rob Henry, our team had an unforgettable time learning the local Mentawai language and ways of life, while devising an experience offering that will showcase this spectacular region to visitors, while protecting nature and funding the indigenous education programs of Mentawai Ecotourism and Yayasan Pendidikan.

Introducing, VOPO Mentawai 2018.

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An Invitation for Responsible Surfers

GinGin Surf Resort, recently acquired by MOJO Surf Camp invited us during the off-season to learn about their onsite waste water treatment system and develop a solution for effective management and low impact utilisation.

During our time exploring the famous “Playgrounds” surfing destination, we discovered the epic potential for off-season free diving and critical reef regeneration programs.

VOPO PHILIPPINES

In 2015, VOPO started working with The Philippines in response to the country being identified as one of the top five ocean polluters. VOPO team members, Charlotte Rose Mellis and Jesika Ellul ran an initial Waste Awareness campaign in collaboration with remote communities of Palawan, onboard the Tao Philippines sailing voyage.

The following year, VOPO Earth was invited back to The Philippines to run their first official Wilderness Impact Adventure in partnership with Danjugan Sanctuary. Due to the success of the Rogue Plastic program, our Philippines team have developed an annual summit event, bringing together global minds for an off-grid retreat, showcasing nature and talking all things sustainability.

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VOPO Philippines, Earth Voyage 2019

For those who have experienced VOPO Expeditions in Negros, there is no need for an introduction to this adventure!

For others, the announcement of the new sailing journey, Earth Voyage should bring much excitement. Danjugan Sanctuary and VOPO are joining forces again, with SWEEP (Sea Waste Education to Eradicate Plastics) on a 9 night live-aboard ecological adventure that starts in Manila madness and ends in Danjugan Island for an off-grid celebration that funds conservation directly. We have created an inspiring wilderness space to collaborate with pioneers in sustainability from across Asia Pacific.

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16 Young Adults Explore The Philippines and the Rogue Plastic Challenge

VOPO Expedition, Negros presented one of the worlds greatest challenges in bite sized pieces during a curated, provocative journey through The Philippines.

Critical data was captured, with government meetings and local community engagements providing opportunities for diverse minds to come together in building solutions.

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Celebrating Womens Menstruation and Eco Education in Palawan

VOPO Philippines team members spent an unforgettable three weeks exploring The Philippines by boat, delivering workshops on sustainable options, especially for womens menstruation. Time was also spent providing donated textbooks, pens and resources to the school kids of Coron, with an emphasis on ecological conservation.

This experience was the beginning of VOPO Expeditions.

VOPO French POlynesia

Co founder, Charlotte Rose Mellis was invited to speak at TEDx Papeete in 2017 by leaders in enterprise from across the Pacific. For years prior, the region of Polynesia had been a huge inspiration for the ethos of VOPO Earth. During the initial conference, the VOPO Earth team met with scientists, French business people and many local Polynesian community members.

It became apparent that Tahiti and her Islands were both a source of inspiration and a place for contemplation about what works and what doesn’t. Particularly in the areas of human relationship with nature and the conversion of two disparate cultures as a unified entity.

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VOPO Te Mana Unites Sustainability Pioneers in Remote Tuamotu Islands

During the curated VOPO Expedition, French Polynesia 2018, a group of 8 sailed the remote atoll of Fakarava for uncensored discussions and a raw exploration of island life in the middle of the Pacific.

The essence of “mana” was a topic of heightened conversation, leading participants to strip back the layers of scientific jargon to reveal purpose, spirit and the often neglected question, “Why?”.

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Designing Eco-tourism with Coral Gardeners

In 2017 VOPO Earth planted their very first coral with Moorea Coral Gardeners, inspiring the concept of 1 day eco-tourism adventures with our global guests. This has become a signature experience within the VOPO French Polynesia itinerary, where Coral Gardeners educate on the importance of reef systems, while participants immerse in the local way of life on Mo’orea and plant their very own adopted coral.

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VOPO Earth Speak at TEDx Papeete 2017

Co founder of VOPO Earth, Charlotte Rose Mellis spoke boldly to the global online and French Polynesian local audience about the relationship between mental wellbeing and our changing environment at TEDx "Feuilles & Racines”. Representatives from across the Pacific included Hinano Murphy, Polynesian Cultural specialist, Jean-Francois Butaud, French Botanist, Pauline Sillinger, Sustainable Development Specialist, and Kara Dentice a Policy Advisor for natural resource management in Aotearoa (New Zealand).

VOPO SOlomon Islands

Members of the VOPO team first started working in the Solomon Islands during 2013. The rich landscapes and unadulterated jungles were alluring, but the tribal culture and unique archipelago geography created a fascination that is yet to waiver. After learning much about the infrastructure, economy and telecommunications (or lack thereof) systems, we felt compelled to explore challenges in the region around waste management.

In addition to learning more about the resilience of micro-economies across the 900-strong island chain. A very special event, “Natures Leading Women” was a catalyst for a lifelong relationship, where Co founder of VOPO Earth, Charlotte Rose Mellis guided a team of Solomon Islanders from the Arnavon Marine Community through an initial eco-enterprise program designed with Global Sisters and supported by the Nature Conservancy.

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Regional Report, Solomon Islands 2018

After extensive assessment, data collection and anecdotal input from local community, NGO’s, government officials and business owners, VOPO Earth have compiled a report that explores the feasibility and impact of eco-tourism and sustainable enterprise from cultural, economic and environmental perspectives.

This report acts as a resource for ourselves, Arnavon Marine Community and KAWAKI women’s tribe to guide the priorities in the next phase of VOPO Earth Solomon Islands. Due for release March 1, 2019.

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Designing Eco-tourism With Remote Kawaki

Over a nine month period, VOPO Earth curated an unforgettable eco adventure with the Arnavon Marine Community and KAWAKI women’s tribe.

VOPO Expedition, Arnavon 2018 lead a group of six guests intimately through the breath-taking islands off Santa Isabel, in the middle of the tourist-averse Manning Strait. Facilitating significant workshop discussions between local community and global guests, the program was a testing ground for the development of an ongoing eco-tourism offering provided by VOPO Earth that provides income directly to locals.

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Natures Leading Women

Charlotte Rose Mellis, Co founder of VOPO Earth represented Global Sisters as a guest facilitator for the week long Natures Leading Women event in Brisbane, Australia. The event, presented by The Nature Conservancy brought together female leaders from across Micronesia, NT and Polynesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands to learn from Charlotte and the Global Sister executives.

After the 5 day intensive business program, the women of each Asia Pacific region had a brand identity, viable concept and a suite of enterprise skills.

 

What we do?

VOPO supports remote communities, by developing sustainable micro-economies and critical waste systems. Our highly immersive and challenging remote travel experiences directly support our community projects in participating countries.

Our experiences will be physically challenging, mentally stimulating and spiritually abundant. You will be exposed to the true wilderness of the world and all of its glory.

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THE CREW

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CHARLOTTE ROSE MELLIS
Co-Founder / Global Director, Head of Strategy & Partnerships

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ERIK SUMARKHO
Co-Founder / Head of Sustainability & Indonesia Operations

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JAX OLIVER
Environmental Videographer

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JESS ELLUL
Landscape Architect (VIC Student Ambassador)

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TARUN ADDEPALLI
Biochemical Engineer (QLD Student Ambassador)

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ZO OLANGI
Medical Doctor & Videographer

 

 LOCAL ADVISORS & COLLABORATORS

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DAVE GUMBAO ALBAO
Philippines Advisor

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HENRY KANIKI
Solomon Islands Advisor

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AUGUST TONGIATT
Indonesian Advisor

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TITOUAN BERNICOT
French Polynesia Advisor

 

From a boot-strapped, lean start-up to an Impact Adventure company that funds the incubation of critical eco-enterprise in the worlds wildest places.

With a community of 40,000, established programs in 5 countries across Asia Pacific, the next section of our voyage requires us to be bold, push limits and most importantly, deliver on our goals.

We must continue to deepen our expertise, inspire behaviour change and continuously innovate to ensure our model presents the most effective and pleasurable path to achieving our vision.

Thank you for daring to dream with us. It brings us infinite satisfaction to wake up in a future we are designing together.

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Wild Enterprise is our flagship program that equips individuals (micro-entrepreneurs), local leaders and villages with the necessary tools and resources needed for greater economic participation. We provide individuals and communities with the training, networks and monitoring to ensure business growth. Participants are supported with a thorough business case and appropriate marketing skills along with financial training.

The aim of the program is to develop resilient and sustainable rural communities that protect nature as our most lucrative asset. We do this by exploring, celebrating and implementing alternatives to low income employment from environmentally destructive industries, like illegal mining, logging and poaching.


Why enterprise?

Two of the most significant challenges that continue to hinder conservation, economic growth and social empowerment in remote communities are sustainable livelihood generation and market access.

The Wild Enterprise eco-incubator program empowers participants to create waste management, sustainable agriculture and responsible tourism enterprises. We track the journey of individuals or villages over the life of the business to make improvements to our model and enhance our support mechanisms at any chance.

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Why expeditions?

The more our business grows through offering curated, once in a lifetime experiences, embedded with new learning, skills and networks, the more we can invest directly into the communities of our partner destinations and have a stronger impact.

By 2020, VOPO will have hubs in all 5 of our key destinations, employing and training talented locals to lead these with the flavour of each culture, yet the backing and support from our unstoppable, combined force. That is VOPO Earth. We make our expeditions more mind-blowing with each experience, it is an obsession. Why not tidy up the planet at the same time.


Global Partners


Watch the journey

Where is the plastic coming from? What are the driving forces and systems at play behind the challenge of ocean pollution? How can we create solutions that stand the test of time? ⛵🌴 Charlotte Rose Mellis (@amor.earth), Director of VOPO Earth takes you on a journey through The Philippines with a team of participants from across the world.

 

an intellectual challenge-solving method

The Brainmelt method works to unlock group genius to solve complex issues, fast. By embracing unexpected perspectives and gaining deep insights we provide a platform to collectively develop out of the box ideas.

Our approach delves deep into behavioral, systems and collaborations techniques. In the facilitated sessions, we explore ideas, develop solutions and capitalize on opportunities in unique and powerful ways.

 
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To improve the wellbeing of underserved communities through the implementation of waste microsolutions and critical systems for a proud and clean environment.

Target

To impact 500,000 lives and in the process create 5 community waste enterprises and clean 5 communities in the next 5 years.

Methodology

In each of the areas we work with, we follow our impact methodology:

  1. Knowledge Exchange & Community Mobilisation

  2. Waste Enterprise Community Workshop

  3. Optimisation of Waste Storage and Transport System

  4. Technical Design of Waste Technology

  5. Installation of Waste Technology

  6. Community Training on Technology Maintenance

  7. Waste Reduction Education Programs

  8. Monthly Reporting on Generation & Composition

  9. Impact Assessment

A few Rogue Plastic projects:

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Zero Waste Sari Sari Store

Plastic-to-Energy Microplant in Mentawai

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Remote Arnavon Islands Waste Management

Kerehikapa Island Sustainable Tourism Waste Policy

Remote Microdump Leachate Strategy

 
 

The organisation, VOPO, believes that the power of unique experiences, and of human connection to oneself, each other and nature can change the world. Our passion and dedication to environmental and social issues have committed us to conducting business beyond sustainability. We endeavour to create long-term impact in the communities we work with, empower individuals and support a thriving ecology. VOPO will consider these factors in both our direct actions and those of our suppliers, affiliates, and partners.

We begin by first acknowledging the potentially detrimental consequences of our expeditions. We fly planes to arrive at our destinations, we stay in accommodation that requires electricity (where ever possible we choose those sustainably built and powered). We create waste and we expose wild natural places to humans.

Understating that VOPO Impact Adventures have unintended consequences, is the first step to continuously and actively mitigate the adverse effects; by: seeking alternatives, offsetting the negative consequences, avoiding the worst choices, continually assessing and addressing our impact, and innovating solutions to mitigate our pressures on the world.

VOPO statement reads:
“In the restoration of wild landscapes, we find nature. Through the empowerment of others, we find ourselves”.

For this, the VOPO tribe asks that employees, suppliers, affiliates, and partners use this Sustainability Policy as a guiding principle when conducting business.

Our Responsibility

VOPO’s activities and services will be ethically conducted by treating employees, the natural environment, and diverse cultures with respect. We will minimise negative social consequences by promoting equality, fairness, and diversity. Our adverse environmental effects and greenhouse gas emissions will be minimised by seeking alternatives (using deep sustainability research and understanding), using recycled and recyclable materials where possible, offsetting our impacts, and reducing waste, water, and energy consumption as a whole.

Transparency vow

VOPO commits to conduct its business responsibly and sustainably with transparency and openness. We expect our suppliers and partners to conduct their business in the same way and require them to provide relevant information as a condition of doing business. Our efforts on sustainability where possible will be auditable, certifiable and verified. VOPO is committed to making decisions based on deep understanding, knowledge, respect and best information available to us.


Supporting the Long-term Sustainable Development of Remote Communities

Through extensive dialogue, collaboration and knowledge sharing, VOPO will create strategic solutions to environmental issues identified by the local community or working group. The Brainmelt method will be used to support and guide our customers in the creation of the sustainability solution. It is imperative that the solutions are created together with the local communities and working groups, not externally. The solutions need to take into consideration the socio-cultural, environmental, psychological, spiritual, and economic circumstances of the local region.

Through extensive dialogue, collaboration and knowledge sharing, VOPO will create strategic solutions to environmental issues identified by the local community or working group. The Brainmelt method will be used to support and guide our customers in the creation of the sustainability solution. It is imperative that the solutions are created together with the local communities and working groups, not externally. The solutions need to take into consideration the socio-cultural, environmental, psychological, spiritual, and economic circumstances of the local region.

 
 

The organisation, VOPO, believes that the power of unique experiences, and of human connection to oneself, each other and nature can change the world. Our passion and dedication to environmental and social issues have committed us to conducting business beyond sustainability. We endeavour to create long-term impact in the communities we work with, empower individuals and support a thriving ecology. VOPO will consider these factors in both our direct actions and those of our suppliers, affiliates, and partners.


Environmental CODE OF CONDUCT

Supporting the Long-term Sustainable Development of Rural Communities

Through extensive dialogue, collaboration and knowledge sharing, VOPO will create strategic solutions to environmental issues identified by the local community or working group. The Brainmelt method will be used to support and guide our customers in the creation of the sustainability solution. It is imperative that the solutions are created together with the local communities and working groups, not externally. The solutions need to take into consideration the socio-cultural, environmental, psychological, spiritual, and economic circumstances of the local region.

Carbon Footprint

VOPO analyses the carbon emissions from the travel of our expeditions. We are committed to reducing our adverse effect, offsetting our emissions and exploring alternative options.

Green Procurement Policy

VOPO is committed to the use and purchase of environmentally and socially responsible materials, products and services. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that approved VOPO suppliers are selected. It is an expectation that suppliers continually demonstrate that materials and production are conducted in a sustainable manner. 

Waste Management: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Compost

VOPO will concentrate its efforts to reduce the amount of waste from its operations. When reducing the waste is not an option, we will alternatively recycle, compost or seek alternative products that are scientifically-proven to cause less harm to the environment and the health of living beings. 

Animal Welfare Policy

VOPO believes in the fair and humane treatment of animals, and that they should have their basic needs met. We will ensure that our direct action and suppliers meet ethical guidelines for the treatment of all species.

Empowering our Customers by Providing Choice for Mitigation

For the major adverse environmental effects of our expeditions, we provide offset choices for our customers to select. This way, we can educate and empower our customers by making them part of the resolution. 

Use our Company as a Force to Advocate for Change

The goal of VOPO’s Journal is to encourage dialogue, ideas and the exchange of knowledge in sustainability. With the ultimate purpose to inspire actionable change, and help spread the word about both sustainability issues and the innovative concepts solving them.

Efficiency in Travel

We will choose sustainable travel practices in the operations of our expeditions, by:

  • Using the most fuel-efficient, low-emission, and economical transportation when available.
  • Sharing vehicles and combining multiple tasks in one trip
  • Choosing accommodations that are sustainably certified or are clearly having a positive impact on the environment, the community or both where possible.
  • Creating storytelling content, and web-based videoconferencing to communicate the trip and share the knowledge to a wider scope in engaging a larger audience beyond those who participate physically.

Perpetual iteration of Expeditions

VOPO Expeditions will be flexible adventures, meaning that they will be able to change and adapt based on new gathered information and data. Expert advice will be used critically as feedback for our expeditions, for continued refinement with the intention of reducing negative consequences where possible.

 

Social CODE OF CONDUCT

VOPO’s services, activities and products will be designed considering the potential negative social effects. We will minimise the effects of by promoting equality, fairness, respect and diversity in our business operations.

Human Rights policy

VOPO supports and respects the 10 principles of the UN Global Compact based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Convention Against Corruption.

We acknowledge the rights of our employees, affiliates, partners and suppliers through equality and non-discrimination.

VOPO supports the abolition of child labour and requires its affiliates, partners and suppliers that work with us to comply with this.

Local Collaborations

VOPO will work together in collaboration, when possible in partnership, with local stakeholders in order to create the strategic solutions to pressing issues. It is imperative that the solutions and the process taken to create them took extensive consideration with the local communities and working groups. The solutions need to take into account the socio-cultural, environmental, psychological, spiritual and economic circumstances of the local region. 

Continuous Improvement

VOPO will take necessary corrective actions to promptly remediate any noncompliance and strive for continuous improvement. We reserve the right to terminate business relationships with any supplier and/or contractor who is unwilling or unable to comply with the Code.

 

Ready?

Lets talk about your next expedition, today.

 
 

We are committed to reducing our adverse effect on the environment. Therefore, VOPO has created Trading Carbon. An expedition specific competition that neutralises the emissions from air, land & sea travel by supporting projects that have a positive social and environmental impact.

What is Offsetting?

Even though current forms of transport can be incredibly convenient and it allows us to visit some of the world's most remote and beautiful places, it is also responsible for releasing greenhouse gases. Proven to have negative effects on the health of humans and the natural environment.

Because of this, we have calculated the fuel emissions for each route and vessel taken during the expedition in an attempt to equalise our impact. The projects we support help empower and create positive environmental and social change in the world.

All of the carbon offsetting projects are verified. Meaning, they meet strict international standards that certify the validity of the projects. These initiatives ultimately help mitigate the negative effects from travel.


offset projects

We support these offset projects through out our Impact Adventures.

 

 
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1. electric garbage

Generating sustainable energy from wastewater in Thailand

The Kornburi Wastewater Treatment Project is located at a tapioca starch processing plant in the Kornburi District of Northern Thailand. 

Biogas from wastewater is captured and burned to generate electricity and heat that powers the factory, preventing approximately 39,000 tonnes of greenhouse gases each year.

 

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2. capture the wind

Producing clean energy from wind for rural regions in Taiwan

Even though the country has such a long and windy coastline, Taiwan is still heavily reliant on fossil fuels.Over 75% of the country's total installed electricity capacity runs on fossil fuels. 

The Changbin and Taichung Wind Farm project harnesses Taiwan's abundant wind energy along the its coastline. It generates over 300,000 MWh of clean electricity from 65 wind turbines for more than 86,300 households annually.

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3. river energy

Creating dam-free hydro power in Indonesia

This micro hydro power plant makes use of the natural flow of water to generate sustainable power for the island of Sulawesi, without the need for a retaining dam. 

The project utilises the natural fall of water between the upper Moaat lake and the lower Iloloy lake to generate low impact sustainable energy. The hydro plant has an installed capacity of 3 MW only, making it heavily dependent on additional funding from carbon revenues.


 

The calculations

This is an example from our Negros Island Expedition.

Step 1

Mapping the routes: Once we knew our participant’s points of origin, we estimate the total travel distance for each type of transport and vessels. 

  1. Point of Origin - Manila (air)
  2. Manila - Bacalod (air)
  3. Bacalod - Bulata (land)
  4. Bulata - Danjugan Island (sea)
  5. Danjugan Island - Bulata (sea)
  6. Bulata - Dumaguete (land)
  7. Dumaguete - Manila (air)
  8. Manila to Point - Origin (air)

Step 2

Selecting the vessel types: Vessel types used on each route were selected. 

  • International flights: A320, A332 & A343 (average)
  • Domestic flights: A320, 32A, 738, 739, 772 (average)
  • Land transfer: Class I, Class II, Class III (average)
  • Sea transfer: Outrigger boat single cylinder diesel motor (local paraw)

Step 3

Calculating emissions: Once the total distance travelled is calculated and the type of vessel used selected, we then can calculate the emissions. We used different methodologies, depending on the type of travel.

Air travel

Methodology for estimation: United Nations specialized agency International Civil Aviation Organization Carbon Emissions Calculator (ICAO)

Overview: The ICAO has a methodology developed for estimating the amount of carbon emissions equivalent (CO2 e-) generated per passenger per flight, for use in carbon offsetting programmes.

The Process: The CO2 emission are calculated from the fuel burned by the aircraft serving a given route. The scheduled aircraft is identified from the scheduled flights database, then mapped into one of the 312 equivalent aircraft types existing in the aircraft fuel consumption database from the ICAO.

Using the trip distance, equivalent aircraft fuel consumption, passenger to seat load factor and passenger to freight load factor for the route group, and the number of Y-seats, the methodology calculates the CO2 associated to each passenger, as follows:

emissions per pax = 3.16 * (total fuel * pax-to-freight factor)/(number of y-seats * pax load factor)

Land travel

Methodology for estimation: European Commission Framework for CO2 emissions in light commercial vehicles (EC).

Overview: In an effort to confirm the feasibility of the 2020 target of 147 gco2/km to be the light commercial vehicle emissions standard, the EC carried out a series of assessments to understand the feasibility of such.

The Process: In the study mentioned above, the researchers measured the average CO2 emissions and vehicle footprint per vehicle segment for 2010 (and 2007) in grams of CO2 equivalent per kilometer travelled. At this point it is hard to know which type of van exactly we will use to mobilise the crew, therefore, we used the total average. The study uses 17 different kind of light vans from 17 different car manufacturers.

Every year the average the average carbon dioxide emissions intensity from new passenger and light commercial vehicles drops down. Meaning, on average vehicles are more fuel efficient as years go by. However, for the purpose of this assessment we used data from older vehicles given the remoteness of our expeditions and the potential availability of cars.

emissions per pax = (total distance travelled * average CO2 and vehicle footprint segment)/pax load factor

Sea travel

Methodology for estimation: This had to be a more rudimentary calculation. We used the average emissions from a single cylinder engine using diesel fuel. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency methodology for calculating emissions from ships was used as support

Overview: Our local contacts told us that local paraw (outrigger) boats will be used as transport. These boats run on diesel as fuel for a single cylinder engine.

The Process: We got the Emissions Factor of diesel fuel from the National Greenhouse Accounts Factors (2016). Then we calculated the total distance, the amount of fuel required to make the trip and we used the Emissions Factor of diesel to estimated the emissions. Calculations where based on the CO2 equivalent emitted per litter of diesel consumed.

emissions per pax= {[total distance * fuel intensity (l/km)]*Emissions Factor diesel (gCO2 e-/liter)}/pax load factor

 

Still keen to learn more?

 

Contact us

The Dream Forest
Sunshine Coast, QLD Australia
Tel: +61 4 24571270 | info@vopo.earth

City Swell Outpost
Sydney, NSW Australia
Tel: +61 4 50786893 | info@vopo.earth

Pacific Bliss Base
Tahiti, French Polynesia
Tel: +68 9 87341418 | info@vopo.earth

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